Gynaecological cancer refers to a group of cancers that affect the female reproductive system, including the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vulva, and vagina
Gynecological cancer refers to a group of malignancies that affect the female reproductive system, including the cervix, ovaries, uterus, vagina, and vulva. These cancers can be life-threatening but are often treatable when detected early through regular screenings and awareness. Effective prevention and early intervention are critical for women’s health.
Dr Rohit Raghunath Ranade, Consultant Gynaecology- Oncology, Robotic Surgery, Narayana Health City Bangalore, says, “Gynaecological cancer refers to a group of cancers that affect the female reproductive system, including the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vulva, and vagina. These cancers develop when abnormal cells in these organs begin to grow uncontrollably, forming tumors. Women are more prone to gynaecological cancer due to multiple factors, including age, family history, genetic mutations, exposure to certain chemicals or substances, and certain infections such as human papillomavirus (HPV).”
It is essential for women to be aware of these risk factors and take proactive steps to minimize their chances of developing gynaecological cancer. Regular screenings, such as Pap smears and HPV vaccinations, can detect precancerous cells or infections early on, allowing for timely intervention.
Dr Rujul Jhaveri, Consultant Gynaecologist at NH-SRCC Children’s Hospital, Mumbai, adds, “To reduce the risk of gynaecological cancers, women should prioritize proactive healthcare. Firstly, regular check-ups with a gynaecologist are crucial. Pelvic exams, and mammograms (for breast health) should be scheduled at least once a year. Staying informed about family history is vital, as some cancers can have genetic components. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is equally important. Focus on a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains while limiting processed foods. Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight, as obesity increases cancer risk. Avoid smoking and limit alcohol consumption. Safe sex practices and HPV vaccinations are essential for cervical cancer prevention. Being vigilant about any unusual symptoms such as abnormal bleeding, pain, or discharge is vital. Lastly, stress management and mental well-being are often overlooked but play a role in overall health.”